Kabul blast: Who carried out diplomatic zone attack in Afghan Capital killing dozens?
No militant group has so far claimed responsibility for the powerful blast destroyed Wednesday the diplomatic quarter of Kabul, killing at least 90 people and wounding hundreds more.
The attack, condemned by the international community, highlights how the capital of Afghanistan has become one of the deadliest places in the country to civilians.
As silence stretches and public anger grows, the AFP looks at the top suspects: the Taliban have denied they were involved – but analysts say it should not be taken into account.
Currently in the midst of its so-called “spring offensive”, the Taliban – who are trying to expel foreign forces from Afghanistan and to rule the country through its extremist interpretation of Islam – are by far the largest and most Powerful insurgent group.
They were expelled from power in a US-led invasion in 2001, but have seen a resurgence since the withdrawal of combat troops from NATO’s first line in 2014, briefly capturing major cities in more extensive campaign areas.
In recent years, the group – sensitive to its public reputation – has opposed the pretence of attacks against civilian targets, although analysts believe it could be a tactical expediency.
“It is described as more moderate than ISIS, so do not rush to take credit for attacks on the civilian population,” said a regional expert Michael Kugelman-based Washington after The Attack Of Wednesday. The Islamic State (IS) group, however, has little hesitation to take force to account for bloody attacks, including those of “soft targets,” as it aims to spread its supposed “caliph” from its base in the Middle East.
Several attacks were carried out in Kabul, almost as deadly as Wednesday: in July, according to them an attack in which more than 80 people died in the city.
In March, they alleged a deadly raid on Afghanistan’s largest military hospital, which killed 60 people officially, firing patients in their beds – despite survivors and analysts have suggested that the attack also had the characteristics of the Taliban.
The group – which mainly consists of former combatants left the Taliban and Al Qaeda – has gained some traction in Afghanistan for having formally designated the land in the province “Khorasan.”
The United States Army has lost last month’s Bulk Artillery GBU-43 / B – known as “the mother of all bombs” – at IS positions in Nangarhar province, killing dozens of jihadists who have vowed to eliminate.
But while its followers celebrate Wednesday’s attack in Kabul on social networks, the group has not claimed responsibility for the QAMA propaganda agency. The Afghan intelligence agency blamed the Haqqani network allied with the Taliban for the attack, which has long been believed to have links to the dark military establishment in neighbouring Pakistan.
Led by Sirajuddin Haqqani, who is also the second leader of the Taliban, numerous operations have been carried out in the heart of Kabul, including the bombing of the Indian embassy in 2008 in which nearly 60 people died.